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Analysis: Emmbi Industries Limited

Modified on March 13, 2019

This article provides in-depth fundamental analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, engaged in the manufacturing of technical textile products: flexible intermediate bulk container (FIBC) / various polymer based packaging products, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure) etc.

Emmbi Industries Ltd

Dear Sir,

Your efforts are acknowledgeable and very helpful.

I have been a reader of your blog and based on your template I have done an analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd. It would be greatly appreciated if you can provide me further insight in Emmbi Industries Ltd.

Below, I have attached my analysis and summary from annual reports:

In its FY2016 annual report, Emmbi Industries Ltd has described its business under following categories:

Emmbi caters to a wide range of customers and industries with our innovative solutions. Our products find applications across a number of industries, and broadly fall into four key groups: Water Conservation: Emmbi manufactures a range of products that help in the storage, transportation, conservation and harvesting of water, apart from fulfilling the irrigation needs of farmers across the country. Advanced Composites: This refers to a range of products that are primarily meant to take care of human safety, especially in hazardous environments. Our protective films and fabrics are used for transportation and management of hazardous material. Specialty Packaging: Emmbi caters to a range of customers globally, serving industries as varied as chemicals, e-commerce, oil and water, through a range of products for transportation and storage. Agri Products: This refers to a range of products especially made for the farming community. Typical applications include those for yield improvement through crop protection systems, fermentation, storage, radiation- and hailstorm-control and weed management products.




Remarks (Emmbi Industries Ltd.) (Last 10 years)




Sales growth

CAGR >15% for last 7-10 years

Growth should be a consistent year on year. Ignore companies where a sudden spurt of sales in one year is confounding the 10 years performance.

Sales growth has been


Very high growth rates of >50% are unsustainable.



NPM >8%

Look for companies with sustained operating & net profit margins over the years

NPM has CAGR of 40% over last 10 years, where

Rapid increase in growth is between 2015-16


Tax payout


The tax rate should be near general corporate tax rate unless some specific tax incentives are applicable to the company.

Company has paid its highest tax rate of 41%(2011) since then it has reduced to 26% tax rate


Interest coverage


 Interest coverage ratio is 2.81


Debt to Equity ratio

< 0.5

Look for companies with D/E ratio of as low as possible. Preferably zero debt

Company’s D/E ratio is 0.85


Current ratio


Current ratio is 4.25


Cash flow

CFO > 0

Positive CFO is necessary.

CFO is Positive (from 2014), totalling to around 21.59cr over 10 years with net cash flow of 0.55cr .in total

It’s great if CFO meets the outflow for CFI and CFF


Cumulative PAT vs. CFO


Cumulative PAT and CFO are similar for last 10 years

Cumulative 10 years PAT is 34.3 and cumulative CFO over 10years is 21.59(company isn’t able to convert its accounting profits into cash profits efficiently)



P/E ratio

< 10

Such companies provide good margin of safety



P/E to Growth ratio (PEG ratio)

< 1



Earnings Yield (EY)

> 10 year G-Sec yield

EY should be greater than long-term government bond yields or bank fixed deposit interest rates

8.54 which is greater than G-Sec yield


P/B ratio

< 1

However, I find P/B ratio irrelevant for sectors other than financial services



Price to Sales ratio (P/S ratio)

< 1.5

James O’Shaughnessy: Buy if P/S ratio is < 1.5 and sell if >3



Dividend Yield (DY)

> 0%

Higher the better.


DY of >5% is very attractive. However, do not focus a lot on DY for companies in fast growth phase



Comparison with industry peers

Sales growth > peers

The Company must show sales growth higher than peers. If its sales growth is similar to peers, then there is no Moat

Yes, its sales growth has been higher than peers over 10 years.


Increase in production capacity and sales volume

Production capacity & sales volume CAGR ~ Sales CAGR

Company must have shown increased market penetration by selling higher volumes of its product/service

The company expanded its factory operations, through an additional investment in building and machinery, research and development by Rs. 71 million.

Capacity at 83% registered a growth of 22% over the previous year.

Capacity at 68% has registered a growth of 31% over the past three years,


Conversion of sales growth into profits

Profit CAGR ~ Sales CAGR

A Moat would result in increasing profits with increasing sales. Otherwise, sales growth is only a result of unnecessary expansion or aggressive marketing push, which would erode value in long term

10 Year Sales CAGR—27.77%

10year Profit cagr—39.79%

Part of the reason could be their shifting towards high-margin segments.


Conversion of profits into cash


If cPAT >> cCFO, then either the profits are fictitious or the company is selling to any John Doe for higher sales without having the ability to collect money from them

Cumulative 10 years PAT is 34.3 and cumulative CFO over 10years is 21.59(company isn’t able to convert its accounting profits into cash profits efficiently)


Creation of value for shareholders from the profits retained

The increase in Mcap in last 10 yrs. > Retained profits in last 10 yrs.

Otherwise, company is destroying wealth of shareholders

Not able to calculate


A) Subjective parameters


Background check of promoters & directors

Web search

There should not be any information questioning the integrity of promoters & directors

Promoter Executive Directors –Mr. Makrand M. Appalwar, Mrs. Rinku M. Appalwar

Non-Executive & Independent Directors–Mr. Sanjay R. Rathi, Mr. Prashant K. Lohiya, Dr. Venkatesh G. Joshi.

Web search about directors did not reveal any negative information.


Management succession plans

Good succession plan should be in place

Salary being paid to potential successors should be in line with their experience

Markand Appalwar–has raised its remuneration under Salaries, Allowances and Perquisites#  from 42lakh pa(2014) to 78.39lak(2016)

Rinku Appalwar–has raised its remuneration under Salaries, Allowances and Perquisites#   from 39lak pa(2014) to 72.39lak(2016)

Sanjay Rathi –Sitting Fees Paid (` )  57500

Prashant lohiya –Sitting Fees Paid (` )  57500

Venkatesh Joshi –Sitting Fees Paid (` )  57500

B) Objective Parameters


Salary of promoters vs. net profits

No salary increase with declining profits/losses

the promoter should not have a history of seeking an increase in remuneration when the profits of the company declined in past

The increase in salary has been due to increase in PAT.

Mr. Markand has remuneration of around 7% of Net Profits.


Project execution skills

Green/brownfield project execution

The company should have shown good project execution skills with cost and time overruns.

Not clear.

Exclude capacity increase by mergers & acquisitions.


Consistent increase in dividend payments

Dividend CAGR > 0

Dividends should be increasing with increase in profits of the company

Has been reducing its dividend payout ratio from 15%(2012) to 8.4%(2016)


Promoter shareholding

> 51%

Higher the better



Promoter buying the shares

Insider buying ++

If promoter of a company buys its shares, investors should buy too

Promoters has been increasing their stake from around 47% (2010) to 58%(2016)


FII shareholding

~ 0%

the lower the better

 0% FIIs holding.



Product diversification

Pure play

The company should be either a pure play (only one business segment) or related products. Pure play model ensures that the management is specialized in what they are doing. 

Packaging & Containers( Technical Textiles)

Entirely different unrelated products/services are a strict NO. An investor should rather buy stocks of different companies if she wants such diversification.


Govt. influence

No govt. interference in profit making

No cap on profit returns or pricing of the product.

Nothing so far

No compulsion to supply to certain clients.

   Margin of Safety

MoS in Purchase Price

Earnings Yield (EY)

EY > 10 Yr. G-Sec Yield

Higher the EY than 10 Yr. G-Sec Yield, the better

8.54 yes, higher than G-Sec

MoS in Business Model

Self-Sustainable Growth Rate (SSGR)

SSGR > Achieved Sales Growth Rate

Higher the SSGR than achieved Sales Growth, the better

Not able to calculate.

Free Cash Flow (FCF)

FCF/CFO >> 0

Higher the FCF as proportion of CFO, the better

  71% from last year’s 16% (it has come from negative % since 2013)

   Credit Rating


Credit Rating History

BBB- & above

Current credit rating should be minimum BBB-

Credit rating should have been improving over the years

Credit rating agency, CARE has upgraded(on March 30,2016) from ‘CARE BBB’ rating to CARE BBB+  Emmbi Industries’ long-term bank facilities. The rating agency has also upgraded from ‘A3’ rating to CARE A3+  the company’s short-term bank facilities


Some other Points:

  • The promoters have increased their stake by around 10% in 6 years.
  • EIL has 11 Patents i.e. 6 designs and 5 processes.
  • The strength of the company is designing and processing.
  • Design expertise difficult to replicate.
  • Credit rating has gone up.
  • EIL produce enough bags to transport 35000MT of material equivalent to all the pasta consume by USA.
  • Around 1.88% of turnover goes to R&D center. (They have govt. approved R&D which avails them some tax benefits.)
  • Around 53% revenues from Exports.
  • Capacity Utilization has been @ 83% from past 68%( which is after 31% growth from its previous year)
  • Right now they are moving away from packaging (which formed around 37%) to advanced composites and water conservation  and Agri-products.(towards High Margin Products)


Himanshu Chhajer


Author’s Response

Dear Himanshu,

Many thanks for sharing your analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd with the readers and the author. I appreciate the time & effort put in by you in the analysis.

Let us analyze the financial performance of Emmbi Industries Ltd over last 10 years.


Financial Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd:

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

Emmbi Industries Ltd had been growing its sales at a good pace of 28% over last 10 years (FY2007-16). However, as the size of the company is increasing the pace of sales is going down year on year. The sales growth has toned down to 27% in last 7 years (FY2009-16) and further down to 22% in last 5 years (FY2011-16) and 14% in last 3 years (FY2013-16).

As per the H1-FY2017 results, Emmbi Industries Ltd has reached 83% capacity utilization in its current installed manufacturing capacity. Therefore, it needs to be assessed whether the company has the visibility of future growth in its plans.

Emmbi Industries Ltd has disclosed that it is currently undertaking capacity expansion by creating a clean room project for the FIBC manufacturing and a separate facility for the water conservation and agricultural business project. Moreover, the company is also expanding its presence in Indian markets along with a heightened focus on direct retail sales (B2C). However, it remains to be seen to what extent the company would be able to utilize the increased capacity.

A look at the profitability trend of Emmbi Industries Ltd would indicate that the operating profitability margin (OPM) has been largely stable over the last 10 years (FY2007-16) within the range of 9% – 11%. In the recent years, the OPM has improved to 13%. Sustained and improving profitability margins are a good sign for any business and it needs assessment to find out what features of the company help it in maintaining its profitability margins.

Read: How to do Business Analysis of Companies

During last year, in two different shareholder communications, Emmbi Industries Ltd has disclosed the reasons for sustained margins:

1) Annual Report for FY2016:

In management discussion & analysis (MDA) section, while discussing inventory management (pg. 37), the management of Emmbi Industries Ltd has mentioned that the order booking and procurement of raw material happen simultaneously, therefore the fluctuation of raw material does not impact the profitability. It leads an investor to conclude that the orders are priced to the customers based on ongoing raw material prices by adding a profitability margin, which in turn leads to stable profitability.

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)


2) Earnings conference call H1-FY2017 results:

On November 17, 2016, while discussing the H1-FY2017 results of Emmbi Industries Ltd, the management while responding to a question about Brexit & Pound depreciation, replied that the company does not have long-term contract with customers and enters into monthly contracts with them. The presence of monthly contracts allows the company to renegotiate the prices of its products in light of the ongoing raw material prices.


Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

Moreover, the presence of monthly contracts with customers and the business practice of booking customer order and the raw material procurement simultaneously, do not take the credit away from Emmbi Industries Ltd that the product it manufactures and its customer relationships allow it the buyer’s power to pass on rising costs to customers.

Further, the increasing capacity utilization levels of the manufacturing capacity of Emmbi Industries Ltd is leading to the operating leverage coming into play and the company is able to further improve its margins recently. As per the company, its capacity utilization has increased from 83% in H1-FY2016 to 89% in H1-FY2017, which effectively leads to the production of more products with same fixed costs and thereby increasing the profit margin per product unit.

The net profit margin (NPM) of Emmbi Industries Ltd has been fluctuating at a very low level of 2%-4% during last 10 years (FY2007-16) and has touched 5% in FY2016. The major reason for the low net profit margin is the capital-intensive nature of the business of the company. High capital intensity leads to higher depreciation as well as high interest cost due to debt funded operations. As a result, major portion of the operating profit of the company is eaten up by interest and depreciation expenses.

Also Read: How to do Financial Analysis of a Company

To understand the capital-intensive nature of the business of Emmbi Industries Ltd, we need to assess the avenues, which are primary capital consumption segments of any business: fixed assets and working capital.


Operating Efficiency Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd:

Looking at the net fixed asset turnover (NFAT) of Emmbi Industries Ltd over the years, an investor would notice that the company has been able to improve its net fixed assets turnover (NFAT) over the years. NFAT has improved from 2.82 in FY2012 to 3.55 in FY2016. The improving NFAT of the company is in line with the growing capacity utilization of the existing manufacturing capacity of the company, which was installed post the IPO of Emmbi Industries Ltd in FY2010 from the IPO proceeds.

NFAT of the company indicates that the company has been doing well on utilization levels of its fixed assets.However, when we see the working capital position of the Emmbi Industries Ltd, then we notice that working capital has been consuming a lot of funds for the company.

Receivables days of Emmbi Industries Ltd has been range bound within 60-68 days over last 10 years (FY2007-16). Therefore, more or less about 2 months’ worth of sales proceeds are tied up as receivables with the customers at any point of time.

Emmbi Industries Ltd has about 50% of its sales coming from exports. We see that most of the exports are usually backed by a letter of credit, which in turn are discounted by the companies to get immediate access to funds. In such a case, the receivables days of 2 months for a company into exports seems a bit higher.

When an investor assesses the inventory turnover of the company, then the investor notices that the inventory turnover of Emmbi Industries Ltd has deteriorated over the years from 5.9 in FY2009 to 3.7 in FY2016. An inventory turnover of 3.7 means that about 3.25 months of sales (12/3.7) are tied up in inventory at any point in time.

Read: 5 Simple Steps to Analyse Operating Performance of Companies

The combined impact of receivables days and inventory turnover means that at any point of time about 5.25 months (2+3.25) worth of sales proceeds are tied up in the inventory at any point in time. For a small size corporate, having about 5-6 months’ sales worth of funds (i.e. about ₹80-₹100 cr. for sales of ₹200 cr.) tied up in receivables and inventory is a huge cost and has been one of the major reasons for the financial drag on the company leading to debt overhang.

When we assess the company on the front of payment to its vendors, then we notice that Emmbi Industries Ltd buys most of its raw material from Reliance Industries Ltd, where it has to pay entire money advance.

Emmbi Industries Ltd disclosed its payment terms with the suppliers in its shareholders’ conference call on September 16, 2016 (pg. 9):

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

So there seems to be little that Emmbi Industries Ltd can do at the suppliers’ end to improve its working capital efficiency.

The management of Emmbi Industries Ltd acknowledges its limitations in improving the working capital efficiency situation and has also communicated its situation to the investors in the conference call on November 17, 2016 (pg. 15):


Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

The continuous consumption of funds in the working capital is evident when an investor analyses the cumulative profits and cash flow data of Emmbi Industries Ltd for 10 years (FY2007-16).  The investor would notice that Emmbi Industries Ltd has not been able to convert its profits into cash flow from operations. Cumulative PAT during FY2007-16 is ₹34 cr. whereas the cumulative cash flow from operations (CFO) over the similar period has been ₹22 cr.

No wonder that the company has been continuously reeling under debt and high interest payments due to the working capital intensity of its business.

The tight cash flow situation of the company has been highlighted at times by credit rating agencies as well. Below is the excerpt of the April 2015 credit rating report of Emmbi Industries Ltd by rating agency CARE Ltd, which highlights the insufficiency of operating cash flow along with working capital-intensive nature of the business being funded by debt:

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

Read: 7 Important Reasons Why Every Stock Investor Should Read Credit Rating Reports


Free Cash Flow Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd:

Over last 10 years (FY2007-16), Emmbi Industries Ltd has done a capital expenditure (capex) of ₹67 cr whereas we noticed above that its cash flow from operations for the same period was only ₹22 cr leaving a gap of ₹45 cr [negative free cash flow (FCF)] to be funded from other sources. The company has relied on a mix of debt and equity to meet the fund’s shortfall in its business.

The continuous high debt levels have ensured that the company had to pay about ₹45 cr as interest to its lenders, assuming 12% rate of interest, which is reasonable for a BBB (negative/neutral) rated company.

The resultant gap of about ₹90 cr (₹45 cr negative FCF + interest outgo of ₹45 cr), has been funded by raising incremental debt of ₹47 cr (total debt levels of Emmbi Industries Ltd increased from ₹15 cr in FY2007 to ₹62 cr in FY2016) and by equity infusion of about ₹ 40 cr, which was primarily by way initial public offer (IPO) proceeds in FY2010 when the company offered its shares to the public at BSE and NSE.

An investor would notice that Emmbi Industries Ltd continuously had negative cash flow from operations for the initial part of last 10 years i.e. until FY2013. During this stressful period, it became urgent for Emmbi Industries Ltd, that it should infuse additional equity as the lenders would have been finding it difficult to lend incremental funds to a small company, whose operations were continuously guzzling money.

The result was that the company approached equity markets for funding in FY2010. When an investor tries to assess the costs the company paid for raising the funds from IPO, then she finds out that the company paid about 9% of the IPO proceeds as issue expenses.

To assess the exact amount of funds paid by Emmbi Industries Ltd for the IPO, the investor needs to analyse the FY2010 annual report (pg. 22):

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

Read: Understanding the Annual Report of a Company

Emmbi Industries Ltd raised about ₹43.6 cr. (increase in share capital of ₹13.3 cr and increase in share premium of ₹30.3 cr) and paid ₹3.9 cr as issue expenses, which is about 9% (3.9/43.6) of the total IPO proceeds.

Paying 9% as commission to merchant bankers/underwriters for raising funds seems high and might be an indicator of the urgency on part of the company to raise the funds.

As we know that Emmbi Industries Ltd had been facing continuous years of negative cash flow from operations over the years and the issue price of ₹45 in February 2010 with FY2009 EPS of 1.62 (FY2010 annual report pg. 21), meant that the issue was priced at a P/E of 27.7 times. Such P/E levels look high for a company which is not making cash profits.

Read: How to do Valuation Analysis of Stocks

It was not surprising that on the listing day (February 24, 2010), the price crashed heavily and closed at ₹28.65, witnessing a decline of 36%.

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

The share price of the company recovered to the issue price of ₹45 only in October 2015, about 5.5 years from the listing.

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

The tight liquidity situation of Emmbi Industries Ltd under which the IPO was brought and it barely managed to get subscribed to 1.20 times and the high issue expenses paid by the company (9% of total issue proceeds), it seems that the company has to rely on underwriters to get the issue through.

As per a report published by the PwC deals practice group in September 2012, named: “Considering an IPO? The costs of going and being public may surprise you” the underwriting charges of small IPOs with gross proceeds up to $50 million (about ₹335 cr at ₹67/$), can go up to 6.9% (pg. 7 of the report).

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

In light of the same, it seems plausible that Emmbi Industries Ltd had to pay up to 9% of IPO proceeds as issue expenses for its ₹43.6 cr. IPO to become successful.

Without the backing of fundamentals to support the P/E ratio of 27.7 at the issue price, it was not surprising that the share price could not hold at the issue price levels.

Therefore, we have noticed that Emmbi Industries Ltd has been operating in a business, which is capital intensive and eats up a lot of funds as working capital and the company had to rely on equity dilution as well as debt funding to meet its growing fund requirements to sustain its sales growth.

As per the company its current capex plans of ₹22 cr are to be funded by ₹15 cr of debt and ₹10 cr of equity.

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

When the said capacity becomes operational, then as per the high working capital needs of the company’s business, it would need more working capital funds. Such pattern indicates that Emmbi Industries Ltd would be in continuous need of debt for sustaining its growth.

Investors should be cautious of investing in companies, which have continuously increasing debt levels, as high debt has the potential of increasing the risk of bankruptcy and reduced profitability under tough business conditions.

You should read the analysis of two other companies: Ahmednagar Forgings Ltd and Amtek India Ltd, to understand the sales growth funded by debt can have on the financial situation of any company. You may read their analysis here:

Also Read: Analysis: Ahmednagar Forgings Ltd

Also Read: Analysis: Amtek India Ltd

Additional aspects and annual report analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd:

Moreover, there are certain other aspects as well, which also need an investor’s attention before making the final investment decision about Emmbi Industries Ltd:

1) Promoter-managers’ remuneration:

Upon further analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, the investor would notice that the company has paid its promoter-managers a remuneration of ₹1.50 cr in FY2016 (pg. 29 of the FY2016 annual report), which is about 14% of the net profit after tax of FY2016 (₹10.6 cr).

The companies act mandates that the remuneration of all the executive directors/whole time directors including MD should be capped at 10% of the profits of the company as per section 197 of the companies act, 2013. The company needs to take central govt. approval to give remuneration higher than the stipulated cap, to its executive directors.

It seems that the company is paying remuneration higher than the stipulated cap and as per the audit report of the FY2016 annual report (pg. 59), Emmbi Industries Ltd has taken approval for it:


Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

However, promoters’ remuneration of 14% of net profits after tax seems high from conventional standards.

Advised reading: Ideal Level of Remuneration of Promoters


2) Dividends apparently being funded by debt:

Emmbi Industries Ltd has been paying dividends to its shareholders since FY2011. However, in the light of the company being free cash flow negative over the years and even since FY2011 (CFO for FY2011-16 is ₹33 cr whereas Capex for FY2011-16 is ₹61 cr. leading to negative FCF of ₹28 cr), the dividends seem to be effectively funded by debt (as the money is fungible).

It is advisable that an investor should not take any comfort of the dividend yield of the companies, which declare dividends to shareholders despite having negative free cash flow situation. Such are paid usually paid out of debt proceeds and when a company decides to pay a dividend out of debt and not from the free cash flows, then there is hardly any limit to which the company can declare dividends to appease shareholders.

Moreover, if the shareholders including promoters of such free cash flow negative companies use these dividends (which are effectively paid out of debt raised by the company), then the situation might tantamount to increasing personal shareholding by leveraging the company balance sheet.

An investor would note that the promoters of Emmbi Industries Ltd have increased their shareholding in the company from about 47% to about 57% in last 5 years.

As per the shareholders’ conference call on September 16, 2016, the promoter has clarified that he is putting most of the dividend and other income in buying shares of Emmbi Industries Ltd.

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

We believe that declaring dividends when the companies are not making free cash flows is not a good practice as the company does not have an inherent surplus to pay to shareholders so in turn the company ends up leveraging its already indebted balance sheet further to pay dividends. And the use of such dividends by shareholders including promoters (which also get a comparative higher salary) to increase stake in the company, as mentioned above, is tantamount to benefiting at the cost of the company.

Read: Why Management Assessment is the Most Critical Factor in Stock Investing?


3) Capitalization of certain expenses:

As per page 72, FY2016 annual report, Emmbi Industries Ltd has been capitalizing certain expenses like brand development expenses, foreign trade fair expenses and knowledge development expenses, which on the face of it look like expenses which should be charges to P&L and not capitalized.

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)

It is advised that an investor should examine these expenses further and may get a clarification from the company about the nature of these expenses, which warrants them to be capitalized.

Emmbi Industries Ltd is the first company, which I have analysed until date that holds a shareholders conference call at the AGM. This is a very nice gesture from the promoter management of the company that they are offering an alternative channel to the shareholders to interact with them and virtually attend the AGM despite being based away from the AGM location.

As per the transcript of the shareholders’ conference call held by the company on September 16, 2016, about 10 shareholders attended the AGM in person and about 30 other shareholders were present on the conference call where the management of the company listened to their queries and answered to their questions.

Such conference call seemed a nice gesture in the times, where many companies seemingly deliberately hold their AGMs at far-flung plant locations where it becomes difficult for public shareholders to go and attend the AGMs.

Further, Emmbi Industries Ltd is the first company that I have come across, which issued a clarification to stock exchanges (July 13, 2016) when an anonymous person wrote on Moneycontrol message board that one of its directors has been arrested:

Analysis of Emmbi Industries Ltd, manufacturer of technical textile packaging products, FIBC, geotextiles, water conservation products (Aqua Sure)


Margin of Safety in the market price of Emmbi Industries Ltd:

Emmbi Industries Ltd is currently available at a P/E ratio of about 17, which does not provide a margin of safety in the purchase price as described by Benjamin Graham in his book The Intelligent Investor.

Read 3 Simple Ways to Assess “Margin of Safety”: The Cornerstone of Stock Investing

Read: How to earn High Returns at Low Risk -Invest in Low P/E Stocks



Overall, Emmbi Industries Ltd seems to be a company, which has been growing its sales at a decent pace with sustained operating margins. However, the profitability margins of the company do not seem sufficient to meet the funds requirements of its highly capital intensive business. In the past, Emmbi Industries Ltd has funded its cash shortfall, which was required to sustain its growth, through a mixture of debt and equity

Currently also, Emmbi Industries Ltd has been working on capacity addition plans, which are about 70% debt funded and might need further debt to meet increased working capital requirements looking at the nature of its business in the past. Therefore, the primary parameter that an investor should monitor going ahead is the debt level of Emmbi Industries Ltd, lest it should fall into a debt trap.

An investor should take note of the high salaries of promoters as compared to the net profit after tax levels. The investor should also focus on the fact that the dividends seem primarily debt funded due to the company being in a free cash flow negative state. Moreover, usage of these debt-funded dividend proceeds by the shareholders, including promoters, to increase their stake in the company might tantamount to benefiting at company’s expense.

These are my views about Emmbi Industries Ltd. However, you should do your own analysis before taking any investment related decision about Emmbi Industries Ltd.

You may use the following steps to analyze the company: “How to do Detailed Analysis of a Company

An investor should keep a close watch on the operating efficiency and the debt levels of Emmbi Industries Ltd along with its profitability margins in future.

Also Read:  How to Monitor Stocks in your Portfolio

Hope it helps!





  • The above discussion is only for educational purpose to help the readers improve their stock analysis skills. It is not a buy/sell/hold recommendation for the discussed stocks.
  • I am registered with SEBI as an Investment Adviser under SEBI (Investment Advisers) Regulations, 2013.
  • Currently, I do not own stocks of the companies mentioned above in my portfolio.

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"Peaceful Investing": My Stock Investing Approach

“Peaceful Investing” approach is the result of my more than a decade of experience in equity markets. This approach helped me invest even when I had a full-time corporate job and could not spare a lot of time for stock analysis. During my investing journey, I have faced all the common challenges of the investors, the biggest one being “scarcity of time”. “Peaceful Investing” approach keeps in mind that an investor will have limited amount of time to spare for stock investing. 

The objective of “Peaceful Investing” approach is the selection of such stocks, where once an investor has put in her money, then she may sleep peacefully. Therefore, if later on, the stock prices rise, then the investor is happy as she is now wealthier. On the contrary, if the stock prices fall, even then the investor is happy as she can now buy more quantity of the selected fundamentally good stocks.

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